Department of Transfusion Medicine
- The Department of Transfusion Medicine (DTM) was established in The Tamilnadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University with Licensed Blood centre on 16th August 2001 with assistance from the Government of Tamilnadu.
- We will provide high quality patient care, pursue research that contributes to our knowledge and practice of transfusion medicine and related technologies, and provide advanced training in transfusion medicine. Together, these programs promote health care for all.
- To strive consistently for safe and effective transfusion practices by constant update and implementation of latest developments in the field of transfusion medicine.
- To create a conducive work environment for superior performance from all staff members.
- To encourage continuous learning, innovative thinking, high quality research and uninhibited exchange of ideas.
- To focus on patients well being and satisfaction.
- To conduct frequent blood donor motivational campaigns, thereby educating public about voluntary blood donation.
- To create awareness about latest trends in blood donation.
- To ensure safe and adequate blood supply through 100% Voluntary Blood donation.
- To insist on rational use of blood and blood components.
Faculty & Staff
|Dr. P. Arumugam, M.D., [Read More]
||Professor and Head of the Department
|Dr. Swathandran Hamsavardhini, M.D., [Read More]
|Mr. R. Kumar, M.Sc., M.Phil.,
|Mrs. S. Alwarammal, M.S.W.,
||Social Welfare Officer
|Mr. V. Selvakumar, M.S.W., PGDCM,
||Social Welfare Officer
|Mrs. S. Jagdeeswari, B.Sc.(Nursing),
|Mrs. V. Sumathi, B.Sc.(Nursing),
|Mrs P. Regina Isabella, Diploma in Nursing
|Mrs R. Manju, M.Sc.(Nursing),
|Mr. K. Jeyapal, M.Sc., DMLT., PGDCA.,
|Mr. R. Vasantharaj, M.Sc., DMLT,
|Mr. D. Arulnambi, B.Sc., DMLT.,
|Mr. R. David
- The Department conducts National Medical Commission recognized MD Post Graduate Course in Immunohaematology and Blood Transfusion [ M.D., IH&BT] since 2005 with annual intake of five candidates from the academic year 2017-2018
- Introduction of Postgraduate training programme in Blood Transfusion and Immunohaematology as a distinct specialty would provide adequate trained manpower in the Blood Transfusion services on par with developed countries. This would encourage research in the field of Modern Blood Banking and provide services in an updated manner.
Continuing Medical Education
January 2004 - Recent Advances in Transfusion Practice by Dr. Jouan Van der Does, Transfusion Specialist, The Netherlands.February 2004 - (with Immunology) - Recent Advances in Innate Immunity by Dr. Badirunathan, Immunologist Faculty, University of Manchester, UK.November 2005 - "Blood Transfusion Services in Europe" by Dr. Jaques Chiarone, France.30th January 2008 – “Resolving Serological Problems in Blood Banking" Prof.(Dr.) R.K. Chowdhary, SGPGIMS, Lucknow.17th January 2008 - “Blood Group Discrepancies: An Oration lecture by Dr. Vasantha from ICMR, Bombay.19th November 2008 -“Current Trends in Platelet Therapy” by Prof.(Dr.) Vinod Kumar Panicker, SRMC&RI, Porur.21st December 2009 - “Transfusion Support in Oncology Patients” by Dr.Ramanan, Consultant Oncologist, Cancer Institute, Adyar.30th October 2010 - "Transfusion Strategies in Peripheral Blood Stem Cells Transplantation" by Dr.V.Lakshman, Apollo Speciality Hospital, Chennai.17th February 2012 - Theme - "Current Trends in Immunohematology & Blood Transfusion" Topics:
18th March 2013 - Theme - "Transfusion Support in Fetal and Paediatric Medicine" - Topics:
- Technological Advances in Transfusion Medicine-Indian Scenario by Dr.Dolly Daniel, CMC, Vellore.
- Emerging and Reemerging Transfusion Transmitted Infection by Dr.Saranya Narayan, Jeevan Blood Bank.
- Autoimmune Hemolytic Anaemia-Diagnosis & Management by Dr. C.Margaret, MMC, Chennai.
- Therapeutic use of blood components and products in coagulation disorders by Dr.P.Arumugam, Department of Transfusion Medicine, The Tamil Nadu Dr.M.G.R. Medical University, Chennai.
Specialized Blood Components by Dr. P. Arumugam, Professor and Head, Department of Transfusion Medicine, The T N Dr. MGR Medical University, Chennai. 12th to 15th September 2013 - Indian Society of Transfusion Medicine Annual Conference at Bangalore - Faculties & Post Graduate Students participated. PGs participated in Workshop & Quiz Programme.11th to 15th November 2013 - Wet Workshop on Immunohaematology Red Cell Serology by Jim Perkins and Martha Combs, U.S.A. on problem Solving Immunohaematology at Bangalore - PGs participated.21st September, 28th September, 5th October, 19th October, 26th October, 23rd November, 29th November 2013 - Workshop Series on "Stem Cell Culture and their Characterization" by ICMR-Centre for Advanced Research, Stem Cell Research Center, Surgical Gastroenterology Department, Govt. Stanley Hospital, Chennai - PGs participated.14th March 2014 - Theme - "Transfusion Support in Tertiary Health Care” - TopicsRole of Transfusion Medicine in Cardiothoracic Surgery by Dr. Anbarasu Mohanraj, Senior Consultant, Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, Madras Medical MissionTransfusion Support in Liver Transplantation by Dr. Deepti Sachan, Consultant in charge, Department of Transfusion Medicine, Global Health City, Chennai Therapeutic Plasma Exchange by Dr.R. Krishnamoorthy, Associate Professor, Department of Transfusion Medicine, Sri Ramachandra University, Porur, Chennai.Specialized Blood Components by Dr. P. Arumugam, Professor and Head, Department of Transfusion Medicine, The T N Dr. M.G.R. Medical University, Chennai. 18th January 2014 - Professor and H.O.D was a “Guest speaker” for the CME (orientation program) for clinicians on “Rational Use of Blood and Blood Components” at JIPMER Pondicherry under the aegis of Pondicherry Aids Control Society.1st March 2014 - Professor and H.O.D was a “Guest speaker” for the CME on “Recent Trends in Blood Banking” at Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College, Pondicherry which was also attended by the Post-graduate students.25th April 2014 - NAT Workshop at Apollo Hospitals, Greams Road, Chennai6th June 2014 - CME on Transfusion Medicine Update - 2014 Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka - PGs participated.19th July 2014 - CME on "Stem Cells & iPSC: Current Research for Future Applications" - at Centre for Advanced Research, Stem Cell Research Center, Surgical Gastroenterology Department, Govt. Stanley Hospital, Chennai - PGs participated.25th July 2014 - CME on “Adverse Effects of Transfusion” at Kilpauk Medical College, Chennai - PGs participated. 10th August 2014 - CME on Volunteerism in Voluntary Blood Donation Organized by Madras Voluntary Blood Bureau (MVBB), Association of Voluntary Blood Donors (AVBD) and ISBTI-Tamil Nadu - PGs participated.13th September 2014 - Seminar on “Problem Solving in Immunohematology” by the Asian Association of Transfusion Medicine, Indian Immuno Hematology Initiative, Bangalore Medical Services Trust at Bangalore- PGs participated.26th September 2014 - CME on “Tacts and Trends of Transfusion Medicine: An Update” by the Department of Pathology, Thanjavur Medical College, Thanjavur - PGs participated. PGs participated in PG Quiz programme and won First prize with Certificate and Memento.27th September 2014 - CME on “STANCLOT – CME on Coagulation Disorders” by the Department of Pathology, Stanley Medical College, Chennai - PGs participated.10th October 2014 - Assistant Professor attended the Dissemination Workshop on Guidelines for Blood Transfusion in Obstetric Practice conducted in the Auditorium, Tamil Nadu Health Systems Project, DMS Complex, Chennai-6 and presented on “Rational Use of Blood and Blood Components”. 11th October 2014 - Professor and H.O.D was a “Guest speaker” with a talk on “Complications of Blood Transfusion” for the CME on “Rational Use of Blood” at SVIMS, Tirupati. 11th October 2014 - CME on Rational Use of Blood - Department of Immunohematology & Blood Transfusion, SVIMS, Tirupati - PGs participated. 15th October 2014 - Professor and H.O.D presented a Guest Lecture on the topic “Clinico-Pathological Syndrome in Immune-Mediated Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia (HIT Type-II)” 39th Annual National Conference of Indian Society of Blood Transfusion & Immunohematology (ISBTI) - TRANSCON 2014 at Patiala, Punjab. 15th to 19th October 2013 - Indian Society of Blood Transfusion & Immunohematology (ISBTI) - Annual Conference at Patiala, Punjab - PGs participated in Workshop & Quiz Programme and Won Second Prize with Memento and Certificate. Professor and H.O.D had given an interview on topics related to the blood transfusion services in All India Radio (two sessions 15 minutes each) Mylapore, Chennai-4 which is to be broadcast in a short while. 1st November 2014 - CME on “Current Concepts in Molecular Diagnosis - Institute of Pathology, Madras Medical College, Chennai -PGs participated. 2nd & 3rd November 2014 - Workshop on “FISH as an emerging tool in Diagnostics” by Institute of Pathology, Madras Medical College, Chennai -PGs participated. 14th & 16th November 2014 - Professor & HOD was the Chairperson for the topic Organization and Management at “3rd Annual National Conference of Indian Society of Transfusion Medicine (ISTM) - TRANSMEDCON 2014”. 14th & 16th November 2014 - Annual National Conference of Indian Society of Transfusion Medicine (ISTM) at Ahmedabad.- PGs participated in Workshop & Quiz Programme and Won cash award of Rs.2000-/-and Certificate of Appreciation for reaching final round. 10th December 2014- PGs participated in Management of High Risk Complications in Obstetric cases and CEmONC review in Madurai Region for OG Chief and Blood Bank Medical Officers of CEmONC including EmONC Hospitals and delivered a lecture on “Massive Transfusion Protocol” in the Blood Transfusion in Obstetric Practice Dissemination Workshop, under Tamil Nadu Health System Project (TNHSP).30th January 2015-Theme-Safe and Appropriate use of Blood Components in Obstetrics-Topics
- Intrauterine Transfusion by Dr.S.Suresh, Mediscan Systems Pvt. Ltd, Chennai.
- Rational Transfusion Indications in Paediatrics by Dr.S.Balasubramaniam, Senior Consultant, Kanchi Kamakodi Child Trust Hospital, Chennai.
- Transfusion related Immunomodulation by Dr.P.Arumugam, Department of Transfusion Medicine,
16th February 2015- Assistant Professor has delivered a lecture on What? When? and How? Of blood Component Transfusion in Obstetric Practice in a CME held at IOG Hospital Egmore. 25th February 2015- CME on Human Genome Project by Dr. Eric Lander - PGs participated 27th February 2015- CME on Hemovigilance Programme of India conducted by National Institute of Biologics & India Pharmacopeia Commission, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Govt. of India in Collaboration with SRMC&RI, Chennai - PGs participated.
- Transfusion Transmitted Diseases by Dr. Jhansi Charles M.D. (Microbiology), Registrar, The Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University, Guindy, Chennai-32
- Blood Transfusion Practice in Obstetrics by Dr. Nirmala Jayasankar M.D., D.G.O., F.R.C.O.G, Senior Consultant, Obstetrics & Gynecology, Apollo Hospitals, Chennai.
- Challenges in addressing transfusion needs in the Obstetric Scenario in our country by Dr.Dolly Daniel M.D. (Pathology) Professor of Transfusion Medicine, Christian Medical College, Vellore.
- Problem Based Exercises in Transfusion Medicine Practice by Dr. P. Arumugam, M.D. (Pathology) Professor and Head, Department of Transfusion Medicine, The Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University, Chennai.
- Professor & H.O.D was the chairperson for the topic on “Concepts & Objectives of Hemovigilance”
- Our PG students presented oral papers on the following topics.
Our PG student got the 3rd prize in oral paper presentation. 30th March 2016- Theme -Transfusion Support in Haemato-Oncology Disorders- Topics
- Golden hour observance aborts the threat to a maternal life
- Serious Adverse Reaction: A case report
- Near Miss event: A case Report
Transfusion support in neonates by Dr. Kamalrathinam MD, DM (neonatology) Professor & HOD, Department of Neonatology, ICH 18thNovember 2016- Professor and Head presented Oral paper at TRANSMEDCON 2016, Bhopal on “A study on QC parameters of Antisera reagents received from various blood banks”. 18thNovember 2016- Assistant Professor presented Oral paper at TRANSMEDCON 2016, Bhopal on 'Analysis of temperature deviations in storage of red cells” . 3rd March 2017- Our final year postgraduate Dr.Usha won the first prize in free oral paper presentation held in Sri Ramachandra Medical College. 24th March 2017-Theme- Current Trends In Obstetric, Neonatal And Pediatric Transfusion Practice-Topics
- “Transfusion Support in Haemato-Oncology Disorders” by Dr. Jose Easow, Medical Oncologist, Apollo Speciality Cancer Hospital, Chennai.
- “Pathogen Inactivation Of Blood and Blood Products Dr R.Arun Assistant Professor, Department of Transfusion Medicine, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupathi.
- “Need for Unrelated Blood Stem Cell Donation” by Mr.Raghu Rajagopal, Co-Founder and CEO of Datri Blood Stem Cell Donors Registry.
- Medical Case Discussion by Dr. P.Arumugam, Professor and Head, Dr. Swathandran Hamsavardhini, Senior Assistant Professor ,Dr. R. Raj Bharath, Assistant Professor, Department of Transfusion Medicine, The T.N Dr M.G.R. Medical University, Chennai.
14th June 2017-Professor and HOD gave a talk on “The importance of blood donation and safe blood products” at All India Radio– Chennai on World Blood Donors’ Day celebration. 6th April 2018-Theme - Apheresis – Therapeutic Uses Beyond Blood Banking -Topics:
- Changing Scenarios in Management of Obstetrical hemorrhage by Dr. S.Shobha, M.D. D.G.O, Professor, Obstetrics & Gynecology, IOG, Egmore, Chennai.
- Neonatal and Pediatric Transfusions : Challenges and guidelines by Dr. S.Sitalakshmi DCP, DNB, Ph.D ,Professor & Head Department of Transfusion Medicine St. John's Medical College, Bangalore.
- Red Cell Genotyping : Can it replace existing serological methods of pretransfusion testing? by Dr.Dolly Daniel, M.D., Professor of Transfusion Medicine, Christian Medical College, Vellore.
- Massive Transfusion Protocol by Dr. P. Arumugam, M.D , Professor and Head, Department of Transfusion Medicine, The Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University, Chennai.
3rd April 2019- Theme -Transfusion Transmitted Infections Screening- Gaps and Challenges- Topics
- Role of Plasmapheresis in the management of Neurological disorders by Dr. A.V Srinivasan, M.D., D.M., (Neuro), Ph.D., F.I.A.N. D.Sc (Hon). F.R.C.P (Lond),Emeritus Professor, The Tamil Nadu Dr.M.G.R Medical University
- Safety of Therapeutic Plasma exchange by Dr. Sundar Periyavan, MBBS, MD,Professor, NIMHANS- Bengaluru
- Collection and Cryopreservation of peripheral blood stem cell by Dr.Madhan Kumar, M.D (IHBT), Consultant, SRM Institute of Medical Sciences (SIMS).
- Single Donor Platelet – A Preferred Option by Dr.P. Arumugam. M.D (Path), Professor and Head, Department of Transfusion Medicine, The Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University, Chennai.
24th February 2020- Professor and H.O.D attended and presented topic on “Insight on Single Donor platelets” at “Apheresis an apprehension- CME” in TNGMSSH, Chennai . Professor and H.O.D was a “Guest speaker” for the CME on Basic Blood Transfusion Services – A brief Outline conducted by Karpaga vinayaga Institute of Medical Sciences, Pondichery Professor and H.O.D was a “Guest speaker” for the CME on Blood Donation scenario during Covid -19 conducted by Mahatma Gandhi Medical College, Pondichery 12th & 13th March - Professor and H.O.D Conducted Virtual Session - Transfusion Transmissible Infection -Chairperson in ISBTI – TRANSCON MARCH 2022 21st April 2023- Professor and H.O.D Conducted the Session -Different aspects of Immunohematology -Chairperson in Dr. Rela Institute And Medical Center . 21st April 2023- CME on Master class in Transfusion Medicine Immunohematology updates 2023 conducted by Dr.Rela Institute And Medical Center was attended by the Post-graduate students and our postgraduate won third prize in oral case presentation . 20th June 2023- Professor and H.O.D was a “Guest speaker” for the CME on Resolving ABO discrepancies from lab to bed side conducted by Tirunelveli Medical College and Hospital 21st July 2023-Professor and H.O.D Conducted the Session Red cell transfusion in complex Immunohematology case scenarios – Possibilities and challenges by Quidel and PGs participated.
- Gaps And Challenges In Implementation Of Nat In India by Dr. Dolly Daniel.M. D, Professor And Head, Department Of Transfusion Medicine, Cmc Vellore.
- Implementation Of Nat –Karnataka Model by Dr. Ankit Mathur M.D Consultant, Transfusion Medicine ,Rotary Ttk Blood Bank, Bangalore.
- Nat Versus 4th Generation Elisa- Sharing Of Experiences In Tertiary Care Hospital by Dr.V.K. Panicker, Professor And Head, Department Of Transfusion Medicine,SRMC, Porur, Chennai.
- Concept Of Donor Counselling In TTI Prevention by Dr. Arumugam.P, Professor And Head, Department Of Transfusion Medicine, The Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University, Chennai.
- COMPLETED PROJECTS
- University Grants Commission [UGC] Major Project - Evaluation of the Quality of Blood Components.
- University Grants Commission [UGC] Minor Project - Antibodies Screening in Multiply Transfused Patients.
- The Tamil Nadu Dr MGR Medical University Grant Project(2019-2020) -Estimation of Prevalence of Factor VIII Inhibitors in Haemophilia patients.
- The Tamil Nadu State Council for Science and Technology funded Project(April 2021 to March 2023) - Seroprevalence of Covid-19 among Voluntary Blood Donors in Chennai.
- IH&BT PG COMPLETED DISSERTATIONS
- Donor adverse reaction
- Platelet alloantibody specificity in multiply transfused patients.
- Detection and identification of unexpected antibodies in Thalassemic patients.
- Transfusion support in Leukemic children.
- Techniques involved in diagnosis of Leptospirosis and prevalence in Voluntary Blood Donors
- Prevalence of occult hepatitis among voluntary blood donors.
- Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Blood Donation
- Prevalence of cytomegalovirus in Voluntary Blood Donors.
- Prevalence of Red cell Antibodies in Antenatal Mothers.
- Comparative Study of Coombs Test :Tube Vs Gel
- A Study of Serum Ferritin levels among voluntary blood donors.
- Malaria Screening among Voluntary blood donors- To find out the Prevalence- To evaluate the Sensitivity of different techniques.
- Type and screen versus Anti human globulin, cross matching – A prospective study
- Estimation of Pro inflammatory Cytokines in stores platelet concentrates prepared by Pre storage Leukofiltered / Non-leuko filtered Platelet Rich Plasma method and Buffy coat method- A Comparative study.
- Seroprevalence of Hepatitis E virus among voluntary blood donors in Chennai – A cross sectional study.
- Factors influencing therapeutic Efficacy of stem cell transplantation In Hematological malignant patients. – A Prospective Observational Study
- Evaluation of blood utilization practice in obstetrics-A Prospective study.
- Seroprevalence of Dengue virus levels among Voluntary Blood Donors in Chennai -A cross sectional study.
- Evaluating the appropriateness blood component utilization in Burns patients.
- Seroprevalence of Human Parvovirus B19 levels among Voluntary Blood Donors in Chennai-A cross sectional study.
- Analysis of usage of platelet rich plasma in department of cosmetology at tertiary care hospital.
- KAB study among Voluntary Blood Donors regarding their awareness and willingness to join stem cell registry and to donate hematopoietic stem cells.
- A study on correlation of adverse events with changes in biochemical procedural and hematological parameter in plateletpheresis donor.
- Prevalence of Factor VIII inhibitors in Hemophilia A patients who on Factor VIII therapy.
- Evaluation of Blood utilization practice among Neonates.
- Evaluation of Coagulation profile and transfusion support in preeclampsia patients.
- Evaluation of DAT positive cases by Elution study.
- Evaluation of levels of coagulation factors V and VIII on storing FFP at different temperature-A study at regional Blood Bank and CEMONC centre.
- Comparative Study between the Usage of whole Blood and Reconstituted Blood for Exchange Transfusion in Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia
- Evaluation of Count Increment in Hemato-Oncology Patients Receiving Single Donor Platelet Transfusion
- A study of Transfusion Related Adverse Effects in a Tertiary Care Hospital
- Comparative Study of HIV, HCV and HBV screening by third and fourth generation ELISA among First Time Voluntary Blood Donors
- A Study on Blood Component Utilization Using TEG and RcoT in Liver Transplantation.
- Seroprevalence of ZIKA virus among voluntary blood donors.
- The role of Thromboelastography to decide appropriate utilization of blood components in obstetric complications.
- Assessment of effectiveness of three different elution methods of DAT positive red blood cells.
- Comparative study on the efficacy of TPE and intravenous immunoglobulin in the clinical outcome of neurological disorders.
- Correlation of Serum Ferritin with MRI assay of Liver Iron Load in Transfusion Dependent Thalassemia Patients.
- Therapeutic effect of Irradiated Apheresis Granulocytes in oncology patients: Cross sectional study.
- Coagulation management and massive transfusion practices in obstetric hemorrhage at a tertiary care centre: Cross sectional study
- Non-cryo preserved peripheral blood stem cell stored at 2 to 4 c for 4days in autologous transplant: Cross sectional study
- Factors determining the outcome of intrauterine transfusion in Hemolytic Diseases of Fetus and Newborn management: Cross sectional study
- Categorizing and resolving ABO discrepancy in regional referral blood centre: Cross sectional study
- Role of Direct Antiglobulin test and Elution Technique in diagnosing Hemolytic Disease of Newborn
- Analysis of blood component utilization in Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
- Seroprevalence of Hepatitis-G virus among voluntary blood donors.
- Evaluation of the quality of Platelet concentrates stored for 21 days in Platelet additive Solution at 2 to 8oC.
- IH&BT PG ONGOING DISSERTATIONS
- A descriptive study to assess the outcome profile of paediatric peripheral blood stem cell transplantation in a tertiary care centre.
- Factors determining cognitive impairment in thalassemic patients.
- Screening and identification of red cell alloantibodies in multiparous antenatal mothers.
- An observational study on the clinical outcome of patients undergoing therapeutic plasma exchange in rat killer poisoning.
- Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of recipient Hemovigilance among nurses in a government tertiary care hospital.
- Blood donor deferral pattern analysis as an important tool for blood safety
- Evaluation of Ig M & IgG Anti A/B titre by Conventional tube technique and comparison of IgG Anti A/B titre with Column agglutination technology in ABO incompatible Renal transplantation
- Seroprevalence of Toxoplasmosis Gondii among voluntary blood donors in Chennai-A cross sectional study
- Efficacy of Therapeutic plasma exchange in Rapidly progressive glomerular nephritis – An observational study
- Evaluation of Therapeutic leukocyte reduction in Leukemia patients- An observational study
- Manual of Blood bank techniques – 1st Edition
- Manual of Blood Banking Techniques – 2nd Edition
- Manual on Blood Component Preparation-1st Edition
- Rational use of blood and blood components – 1st Edition, 2010
- Blood component separation – 3rd Edition, 2010
- Requirements for the Functioning and operation for the Blood Bank
- Training Manual on Blood Bank Techniques-3rd Edition 2014.
- Standard Operating Procedures-1st Edition
- Proceedings on World Congress on Holistic Health-1st Edition, 2018
- Quality Manual -1st Edition, 2018
- Evaluation of DAT Positive AIHA cases by elution study at a Tertiary care centre in South India, Kavitha, Latha B, Swathandran Hamsavardhini ; Biological and pharmaceutical science: 2021,15(03),041-051.
- Seroprevalence of Human Parvovirus B19 among voluntary blood donors in Chennai- A cross sectional Study, Dr ShoganRaj S, Dr Arumugam P, Dr Deepa D International Journal of Scientific Research: Volume-8 | Issue-12 | December-2019
- Seroprevalence of Dengue virus among voluntary blood donors in Chennai: A Cross sectional study. Chitra M, Arumugam P, Ravishankar J. December 2019, Volume 8, Issue 12, ISSN no 2277-8179
- Seroprevalence of Hepatitis E virus among voluntary blood donors in Chennai – A Cross sectional study, Dr A. Anbarasi, Dr R. Sreedevi, Dr Arumugam, Dr. Swathandran Hamsavardhini, International Journal of Scientific Research; Vol-8, Issue -03, March-2019
- Prevalence and Detection of Leptospirosis among voluntary blood donors, Jeevapriya R. Pushkala. Arumugam P, Arun Rajendran, International Journal of Scientific Research, Volume-8 | Issue-12 | December - 2019 PRINT ISSN No. 2277 - 8179 | DOI : 10.36106/ijsr.
- Prevalence of TTI among voluntary blood donors with different ABO, Rh and Bombay blood group systems-Dr Vijaya Thangaraj, S. Geetha Lakshmi, Dr P. Arumugam, Dr Swathandran Hamsavardhini; Asian Journal of Transfusion science 2019, May 13(Suppl 1): S32-S100.PMCID: PMC6573574.
- Response rate of seroreactive blood donors after notification-Dr Ruth Jenila, Dr Swathandran Hamsavardhini, Dr P. Arumugam. Asian Journal of Transfusion science 2019, May 13(Suppl 1): S32-S100.PMCID: PMC6573574.
- Effect of predonation intake of water and ORS on donor adverse reaction- a comparative study -Dr Kishore Kumar, Dr R. Raj Bharath, Dr P. Arumugam. Asian Journal of Transfusion science 2019, May 13(Suppl 1): S32-S100.PMCID: PMC6573574.
- Awareness of voluntary blood donation among first year undergraduate college students in Chennai – Dr Renuka Pauliah, Prof Dr S. Geetha Lakshmi, Dr P. Arumugam, Dr Swathandran Hamsavardhini. Asian Journal of Transfusion science 2019, May 13(Suppl 1): S32-S100.PMCID: PMC6573574.
- Attitude of voluntary blood donor towards repeat and regular blood donation – a prospective study -Dr Deepak Jothy, Dr P. Arumugam, Dr Geetha Lakshmi, Dr R. Rajbharath. Asian Journal of Transfusion science 2019, May 13(Suppl 1): S32-S100.PMCID: PMC6573574.
- The knowledge, attitude and practice towards blood donation among voluntary blood donors in Chennai, India. S Uma, R Arun, P Arumugam. Journal of clinical and diagnostic research: JCDR 7 (6), 1043; 2013.
- The prevalence of the hepatitis B core antibody and the occult hepatitis B infection among voluntary blood donors in chennai, India. KS Maheswari, R Arun, P Arumugam.Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR 6 (10), 1710; 2012.
- Patterns of transfusion transmitted infection in past ten years among voluntary blood donors in Chennai-a cross sectional study. ST Radhiga, P Arumugam, S Kalpana, MV Natarajan. IOSR J Pharm Biological Sci 2, 2278-3008; 2012.
- A study of serum ferritin levels among voluntary blood donors. G Deepa Devi, P Arumugam, RST Swathandhran Hamsavardhini. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences 5 (12), 5322; 2017.
- Resolving ABO discrepancies by serological workup-an analysis of few cases.P Arumugam, S Hamsavardhini, J Ravishankar, RR Bharath. Int J Res Med Sci 5 (3), 893-900; 2017.
- Analysis of blood donor deferral causes in Chenna Indiai. R Arun, S Subash, P Arumugam. Int J Med Health Sci 3, 61-65; 2012.
- Prevalence of Rh antigens among voluntary blood donors in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. M Chitra, SY Jagannathan, P Arumugam, J Ravishankar. Int J Res Med Sci 4 (12), 5360-3; 2016.
- Assessment of the quality of fresh frozen plasma and refrozen thawed fresh frozen plasma–A prospective study at a tertiary care teaching hospital in Chennai. D Umesh, P Arumugam. Indian Journal of Pathology and Oncology 5 (2), 286-9; 2018.
- Knowledge and Attitude of Nurses in Organ Donation and the Influence of Interventions-A Systematic Review. M Reena, P Arumugam, SNY Paul, I Kannan Journal of Clinical & Diagnostic Research 15 (5); 2021.
- The prevalence of secretor status and co-expression of lewis antigen in voluntary blood donors. RR Bharath, P Arumugam. Asian Journal of Medical Sciences 7 (5), 93-96; 2016.
- Effects of skin tap technique on intramuscular injection pain. Manju R, Arumugam P, Geethalakshmi S, Proceedings of World Congress On Holistic Health. ISBN-978-93-5300-424-8
- Analysis of factors influencing length of stay in hospital among burns patients, pertaining to blood transfusion - a cross sectional study. MS Jeyaraj Ravishankar, Pothipillai Arumugam, M Chitra. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research 16 (7); 2022.
- Prevalence of Factor VIII Inhibitors In Haemophilia A Patients. Arumugam Pothipillai, Hamsavardhini Swanthandran, Deepak J. International Journal of Scientific Research 11 (02);2022.
- A study on Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Organ Donation Among Medical, Dental and Nursing Students in a Tertiary Health Care Setting of Chengalpet District, Tamilnadu, India. IK Manimuthu Reena, Pothipillai Arumugam. International Journal of Current Research and Review 13 (24); 2021.
- Estimation of Proinflammatory Cytokines in Platelet Concentrates Prepared by Buffy Coat Method and Prestorage Leukofiltered/Non-Leukofiltered Platelet Rich Plasma Method- A Comparative Study. R Sreedevi, P Arumugam, S Hamsavardhini. IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences (IOSR-JDMS) e-ISSN: 2279-0853, p-ISSN: 2279-0861.Volume 18, Issue 2 Ser. 2 (February. 2019), PP 14-24.
- Hemolytic Transfusion Reaction due to Anti-JK. S Hamsavardhini, P Arumugam. IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences (IOSR-JDMS), e-ISSN: 2279-0853, p-ISSN: 2279-0861.Volume 15, Issue 6 Ver. II (june. 2016), PP 140-141.
- Hemolytic transfusion reaction due to anti Jka: A case study.
- The prevalence of secretor status and co-expression of Lewis antigen in voluntary blood donors.
- Pregnancy Induced Hemolytic Anemia in an Antenatal Mother: A Rare Case Report.
- Incompatible minor crossmatch due to T-transformed red cells.
- Para- Bombay phenotype: A rare case report.
- Anti-Lewis antibody in Pregnancy.
- Hemolytic Disease of Newborn due to anti-c antibody in an RhD positive mother: A case report.
- Evaluation of the Quality of Fresh Frozen Plasma and refrozen thawed Fresh Frozen Plasma: A Prospective study.
- Cold Agglutinin Disease: How Tube Technique Helped us in Resolving Discrepancy.
- Evaluation of Our Experience on Arterial Puncture Phlebotomy in Whole Blood Donation Practice.
- Prevalence of Rh Antigens among Voluntary Blood Donors in Chennai.
- A Study on Prevalence of Weak D Antigen Among Voluntary Blood Donors in Chennai.
- Causes and Consequences of Deferral among Voluntary Blood Donors: A Retrospective study.
- “Requirement of Grey Zone” - Evaluation as an Additional Step towards Blood Safety: A Retrospective study.
- TTI and Its Association with Blood Groups among Voluntary Blood Donors: A Retrospective study.
- Packed RBC Utilization Pattern in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital.
- Maternal Antibody Titre and Fetal Outcome.
- Screening for Syphilis on Samples Received for EQAS and Voluntary Blood Donors: A Comparative study between RPR and ELISA.
- Evaluation of Red Blood Cell Alloimmunization in Pregnant Women: A Retrospective study
- Quantification of D-Dimer in Assessing the Maternal and Neonatal Outcome in Preeclampsia Patients.
- Frequency of “Unexpected Antibodies” among the Antenatal Mothers in a Regional Blood Centre” Factors Influencing the Engraftment of Hematopoietic Progenitor Cell Transplantation in Various Hematological Disorders.
- Blood Donor Selection and Deferral Pattern as an Important Tool for Blood Safety in a Regional Blood Centre.
- Performance Analysis of EQAS in Tti as Participating Laboratory
- Preoperative Variables Predicting the Transfusion of Red Blood Cell Requirements in Liver Transplant Recipients.
- A Cross Sectional study to Analyse the Deferral Pattern among Voluntary Blood Donors in a Regional Blood Centre.
- Correlation of positive direct Antiglobulin test and clinical significance in regional reference laboratory.
- Pre harvest CD-34 cell count - a tool for prediction of need for plerixafor in autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
- A case series of anti-M antibodies: Experience in an immunohaematological regional referral centre.
Blood Transfusion Services
- Fully equipped Licensed Blood Bank is engaged in Blood collection from voluntary non-remunerated donors. The collected blood will be screened for transfusion transmitted infections, separated into components, stored at optimum temperatures and after pre-transfusion testing appropriate components are issued to the needy.
- The department conducts frequent public awareness campaigns and motivates people to donate blood. The department prepares and issues blood components to minimize the unwanted side-effects and maintain the adequate supply of blood. Our blood bank conducts regular voluntary blood donation camps to achieve 100% voluntary blood donation.
Voluntary blood donation
- Voluntary blood donors are the cornerstone of a safe and adequate supply of blood and blood products. The safest blood donors are voluntary, non- remunerated blood donors from low-risk populations.
- For a safe blood service in our country, where comprehensive laboratory tests are neither possible nor pragmatic, it is best to switch over to 100% voluntary donations, as it is now established that only voluntary non-remunerated regular donation is the safest. Thus, one of our key strategies to enhance blood safety is blood from non-remunerated blood donors and phasing out even replacement donors.
- Less than 1% of the eligible Indian population donates blood every year; this is far less than average rate of 5% in the Western world. When you donate blood, you become part of an exceptional group that is dedicated to alleviate the human suffering.
- The fact is that human blood has no substitute and it cannot be manufactured.
- Blood Donation Procedure
- Blood donation is a simple procedure. It consists of 5 steps.
- Registration: Your personal details such as name, age, demographic information will be recorded and you will be a given a questionnaire to assess your present and past health status. You should give correct and complete address for communication if there is any abnormality in laboratory test.
- Medical Examination: A doctor will ask you certain questions about your medical history to ascertain that you are fit to donate blood and examine you. Your weight, blood pressure and pulse will be recorded. Only fit and healthy individuals are accepted as donors.
- Hemoglobin Test: Your blood hemoglobin level will be checked to ensure that you are not suffering from anemia and can safely donate a unit of blood.
- Donation of Blood: Your blood will be withdrawn with the help of a sterile and disposable kit after cleaning your arm with an antiseptic solution. All together, the process takes only 5 to 7 minutes.
- Refreshment: After donation of blood, you will be advised to rest for 5 to 10 minutes before you resume your routine activities. During this period, you will be served with some light refreshments
- Blood Processing Laboratory
- The Blood Bank is licensed by the Drugs Controller of India.
- Activities of this laboratory include,
- Donor blood processing: Tests for determining the ABO group & Rh type, detecting unexpected antibodies to red cell antigens, confirmation of Rh negative status by Du testing, resolving ABO discrepancies, etc
- Cross matching and Issue of blood and components.
- Blood Component Laboratory
- Blood is a precious human resource. To exercise maximum economy in its use, every unit of blood is separated into various components, such as packed red cells, fresh frozen plasma, platelets, cryoprecipitate .
- Transfusion Transmitted Infection Screening Laboratory
- Provision of safe blood is of utmost priority. Every unit of blood is screened for HbsAg, Anti-HIV 1&2, Anti-HCV, VDRL and Malaria.
- Immunohematology Laboratory
- Various investigations that are performed include, DAT, IAT, Elution tests, antibody screening, antibody identification & titer, RBC Phenotyping, Saliva screening test, Cryoglobulin test, Cold antibodies etc.
- Quality Control Laboratory
- To achieve objectives of supply of quality and safe blood, strict adherence to quality control at all phases of donor selection, screening & processing of blood & serological procedures for grouping and typing of blood are being followed routinely. All reagents, antisera, blood components and equipments are subjected to strict quality checks at periodic intervals according to the standards.
- National AIDS Control Organization has identified our Blood Bank as the Regional Centre for conducting External Quality Control.
- Our Laboratory is also participating in External Quality Assessment Programme (EQAS) conducted by Christian Medical College, Vellore.
- The National AIDS Control Organization (NACO), Tamil Nadu State AIDS Control Society and Chennai Corporation of AIDS Prevention and Control Society have recognized this institution as a regional training centre for Blood Bank Medical Officers, Lab Technicians, Staff Nurses, Counselors, Social Workers and Drug Inspectors.
- So far about 180 such programs have been conducted on blood bank techniques, blood component separation, rational use of blood and blood components, Donor Motivation and Counseling. Preparation of standard operating procedures and statutory requirements for blood bank.
|NO. OF TRAININGS & PARTICIPANTS IN THE YEAR
|| NO. OF TRAININGS
|| BLOOD BANK MEDICAL OFFICER
||BLOOD BANK STAFF NURSE
||BLOOD BANK TECHNICIAN
||TOTAL NO.OF PARTICIPANTS
|APR 2007 - MAR 2008
|APR 2008 - MAR 2009
|APR 2009 - MAR 2010
|APR 2010 - MAR 2011
|APR 2011 - MAR 2012
|APR 2012 - MAR 2013
|APR 2013 - MAR 2014
|APR 2014 - MAR 2015
|APR 2016 - MAR 2017
|APR 2017 - MAR 2018
|APR 2018 - MAR 2019
|APR 2019 - MAR 2020
|APR 2022 - MAR 2023
||Number of Camps
|2023 Upto June
Blood Donation - FAQ's & Forms
Who can donate blood?
- A blood donor must
- Be in good general health
- Be aged 18 years or older but less than 60 years
- Weigh at least 45 Kg
- Have a hemoglobin level of 12.5 g/dl
- Not have donated blood in the last 3 months
Who cannot donate blood?
- Do not donate blood if you have any of these conditions
- Cold/fever in the past 1 week.
- Under treatment with antibiotics or any other medication.
- Cardiac problems, hypertension, epilepsy, diabetes (on insulin therapy), history of cancer, chronic kidney or liver disease, bleeding tendencies, venereal disease etc.
- Major surgery in the last 6 months or minor surgery in the past 3 months
- Had jaundice or hepatitis or been positive for hepatitis B or C virus
- Had tooth extraction 3 days back or dental surgery 1 month back
- Had fainting attacks during last donation.
- Have regularly received treatment with blood products.
- Shared a needle to inject drugs/ have history of drug addiction.
- Had sexual relations with different partners or with a high risk individual or if male had sex with another male.
- Been tested positive for antibodies to HIV.
- Had any endocrinal problem
- Females should not donate blood during pregnancy.
- They can donate after 6 months following delivery and when they are not breast feeding.
- Have regularly received treatment with blood products.
- Females should not donate blood if they are having heavy menstrual flow or menstrual cramps
- Had a miscarriage in the last 6 months
- Health of the blood is ensured before and after collecting it. The donor is expected to be honest about his or her health history and current condition. The collected blood is tested for HIV, HBV, HCV, Syphilis and Malaria. A donor has to be healthy to give 'safe and quality blood'
Is there any danger in donating blood?
- There is virtually no danger. Only sterile and disposable needles are used to collect blood. There is absolutely no chance of catching any infectious disease by donating blood.
How often can I donate blood?
- It is safe to donate blood once in every three months.
Why do I have to wait 3 months before donating again?
- Since blood contains iron (which is essential for making new red blood cells), donating blood more often than every 3 months causes the body to lose iron faster than it can be made up from iron-containing foods in our diet. As a result the donor could develop iron deficiency anemia, causing him/her to feel weak and tired.
Why is it important to donate blood?
- One unit of blood can save 4 lives (Through components).
What if I faint?
- The likelihood of this happening is minimal. You should eat before donating and drink extra fluids, especially after your donation.
Will it hurt?
- Giving blood is not painful. You may feel a pinch in the beginning lasting only a couple of seconds.
Will I become weak if I donate frequently?
- No. It is perfectly healthy to donate blood once in every 3 months for an individual.
Will I get AIDS?
- Absolutely not! All equipments used to collect blood are sterile. These items are used once and discarded. Blood collections are performed by professionally trained blood bank personnel whose primary concern is your safety and the safety of the blood to be transfused.
What are the components of blood and how are they used?
- There are four components in blood: red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets and plasma. Red blood cells supply oxygen to various parts of the body. White blood cells fight against disease or infections. Plasma carries nutrients, clotting factors and enzymes. Platelets help clot the blood to prevent excessive bleeding. Today, doctors transfuse individual blood components based upon the patient’s needs. Major categories of patient needs include: cancer therapy, organ transplants, accident victims and people undergoing elective surgical procedures.
How long can blood be stored?
- Product Shelf-life
- Red cells – 35 days
- Platelets - 5 days
- Fresh frozen plasma - 1 year
What if you want to organize a voluntary blood donation camp?
- To organize a blood donation camp, please contact the Head, Department of Transfusion Medicine, The Tamilnadu Dr.M.G.R.Medical University with an official letter requesting for organization of camp.
What is apheresis?
- Blood has several components, including red blood cells, platelets and plasma. Donor apheresis is a special type of blood donation in which a specific component, viz. platelets, granulocytes (white cells) plasma or plasma is withdrawn from the donor using a special equipment called as cell separator; the remaining components are returned to the donor's blood circulation. This procedure takes about 90 minutes during which time the donor is constantly monitored by trained medical personnel.
What is the advantage of Apheresis?
- Platelet concentrate prepared from one unit of whole blood contains very few platelets. Six to ten such whole-blood derived platelets would be required to supply enough platelets for one patient. However, platelets donated during one apheresis session by one donor are sufficient for one transfusion, thus reducing the chance of transfusion transmitted infections. Patients with cancer or leukemia or patients with blood disorders benefit immensely from such plateletpheresis.
- The donor benefits too since there are no loss of red cells. One can donate apheresis components more frequently than whole blood donation.
How Can I Become An Apheresis Donor?
- Any healthy person who meets the criteria for whole blood donation is eligible for apheresis donation.
- Started MCI recognized M.D (IH&BT) Course in the year 2005, first of its kind in south India.
- So far fourteen postgraduates have completed this course and obtained degree from this University.
- The Department has conducted 180 training programmes, 374 camps and collected 19284 blood units and prepared 38762 blood components so far.
- The department received ‘The Best Training Centre Special Award’ from His Excellency; The Governor of Tamilnadu on 30th September, 2008 at Raj Bhavan, during the celebration of National Voluntary Blood Donation Day, 2008 organized by TANSACS.
- Award received for making a documentary film “Manitha Kadavul” to motivate voluntary blood donation, from the Honorable Minister for Health & Family Welfare during the celebration of National Voluntary Blood Donors Day, 2010 organized by TANSACS.
- Participated in Fujio Cup Quiz on Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine conducted by NCRM on 11th October 2008 and received audience prize.
- Participated in Fujio Cup Quiz – 2007on stem cell research conducted by NCRM and won second prize.
- The MCI has permitted the Department to increase the number of seats from 2(two) to 3(three) from the academic year 2013-2014.
- World Blood Donor Day
- World Blood Donor day is being observed on Karl Landsteiner’s Birthday, 14th June every year to recognize the services rendered by the Voluntary Blood Donors.
- Future Project
- Cord Blood Banking
- NAT Screening
- Hemophilia & Thalassemia Clinic
Dr. P. ARUMUGAM, M.D.,
Professor and HOD,
Department of Transfusion Medicine,
The Tamilnadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University,
No.69, Anna Salai, Guindy, Chennai – 32.
Phone: 044 – 22353546, 044 – 22353547